african porcupine predators

They are herbivores, primarily eating roots, tubers, bark and fallen fruit, and will seek out cultivated root crops like potatoes and carrots, making them agricultural pests. Porcupines are rodents with an interesting way to protect themselves from predators. FAST FACTS. Natural predators of this species include fishers (a cat -sized mustelid), wolverines, coyotes, wolves, American black bears, and cougars, as well as humans. How does a porcupine protect itself against predators? As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine backs into the attacker and inflicts damage with its quills. predators. African crested porcupines are excellent diggers and live in an extensive burrow systems, caves, rock crevices or aardvark holes. The porcupine does not shoot its quills at predators; rather, it sheds them on impact so that they become imbedded in an attacker. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. [1], Brush-tailed porcupines live in small family groups of about eight members. As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine would back into the attacker and inflict damage with its quills. If this fails to deter the predator, the North African crested porcupine will proceed to stamp its feet, whirr its quills to produce a rattling sound, and will then charge its enemy, back-end first, attempting to stab its enemy with its thicker, shorter quills. The African porcupine looks similar to the echidna but is not closely related. Close Search Bearizona Wildlife Park. They have quite acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, such as big cats, large predatory birds, or hyaenas. Porcupines have become a pest in Kenya and are eaten as a delicacy. When attacked by a predator, the porcupine raises its quills so it looks twice its size, rattles its tail quills, and stomps its feet. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. Porcupines can live a long time. Find objects around your house that can function in the same way a porcupine's quills do. If this strategy doesn't chase off the predator, the porcupine stamps its feet, clicks its teeth, and rattles its hollow-tipped tail quills. The porcupine species found within the Kruger National Park and within Southern Africa is known as the Cape Porcupine, the largest porcupine species on Earth. The Cape porcupine (Hystrix africaeaustralis) or South African porcupine, is a species of Old World porcupine native to central and southern Africa. Meet Turbo. These porcupines have much longer quills than the North American porcupines you will see in our walkthrough. Apex Predator. Status Least Concern. Offspring 1 - 4 Porcupettes. Once a porcupine has stuck its quills into an enemy, the porcupine needs to quickly separate from the quills. The African brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus africanus) is a species of rat-like Old World porcupine, indigenous to a broad belt of Africa ranging from Guinea on the west coast to Kenya on the east. In addition, predatory birds such as eagles and owls prey on porcupines. Despite being a solitary forager, they live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young. When threatened, a crested porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and grunts to scare off the predator. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. Rodents, such as our African crested porcupines, have ever growing front teeth (called incisors). New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. Their distinguishing feature is the coating of the head, nape, tail, and back of the body in long quills. These include foxes, wolves, owls, bobcats, and cougars. Their status is: Protected. Diet: The brush-tailed porcupine is mostly herbivorous. The porcupine is the prickliest of rodents, though its Latin name means "quill pig." But there seems to be a lot of confusion about whether porcupines shoot their quills. Where do porcupines live? Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. The African crested porcupine lives in hilly, rocky habitats in Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. As with all porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine backs into the attacker and inflicts damage with its quills. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length around 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). [2], The brush-tailed porcupine occurs in Benin, Cameroon, Congo, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Togo and Uganda, in tropical rainforest at altitudes up to 3,000 m (9,800 ft). This is a common species with a very wide range, and despite being used extensively for bushmeat, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being of "least concern". Females usually have only one litter per year, containing one or two or, occasionally three offspring. Porcupines are a type of rodent found in two main regions of the world, so scientists group them into either Old World or New World porcupines. and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. Rodents are mammals including rats, mice, porcupines, beavers, and more. [1], The brush-tailed porcupine reaches 40 to 50 cm in length, not counting the tail. These quills are flat until it senses a predator around it. They are terrestrial, rarely climbing trees, but able to swim. The answer is “no”. The young are born well-developed or precocial. On the tail, these quills are thinner and brush-like. This is a large species of porcupine, complete with a full compliment of defensive quills and has very few natural predators. The North African crested porcupine is nocturnal. Their quill lengths vary on different parts of the body, anywhere from 1” to 12” on their back. If a predator approaches, it will first try to escape by running away. [2], International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=African_brush-tailed_porcupine&oldid=982915854, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 04:23. If you burn a porcupine quill you get the same smell as if you are burning a human nail. So one of these predators will sometimes kill and eat a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting into its vulnerable belly. It has an elongated, rat-like face and body and short legs, tipped with clawed and webbed feet. Your support will go toward food, veterinary care and enrichment. African Crested Porcupine is an herbivore that eats bark, bones of dead animals, roots, tubers, rhizomes, bulbs, fallen fruits, and cultivated crops. Introduction of their newest Animal Ambassador - Quilliam, the African Crested Porcupine. The African crested porcupine is native to regions of Northern Africa, Southern Europe, and areas of the Mediterranean. The quills are very sharp and they are not firmly attached to the skin. They are mature at about 2 years of age. References. African Porcupine predators Porcupine quills present an impenetrable thicket to most predators. 14K 2,572. A. africanus – African brush-tailed porcupine; A. macrourus – Asiatic brush-tailed porcupine; Predators. It lives in hilly, rocky habitats in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. Brush-tailed porcupines live in small family groups of about eight members. The African crested porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. Quills. Erect quills release easier from the porcupine after they have been pushed into the would-be predator's body. The female has a long pregnancy compared to other rodents: 110 days at the longest. Federal ID #95-319081214831 Little Tujunga Canyon Road, Lake View Terrace, California 91342-5999(818)-899-8702. There is hystricidae, or Old World Porcupines, and Erethizontidae, the New World Porcupines.. Predators of the North African crested porcupine include lions, leopards, large birds of prey and hyenas. The brush-tailed porcupine is hunted in such large quantities, many in those areas fear that it is no longer a sustainable option. The African brush-tailed porcupine (Atherurus africanus) is a species of rat-like Old World porcupine, indigenous to a broad belt of Africa ranging from Guinea on the west coast to Kenya on the east. African Crested Porcupine. Total votes: 8. They make sniffing and quill-rattling noises that can be heard from several meters. The African Porcupine is primarily nocturnal, although it may be seen during the day. Defensive Skills. Predators of the Heart - African Crested Porcupine - YouTube Porcupines do not shoot their quills in the way that you would imagine shooting an arrow. They are herbivorous, feeding on leaves, flowers and fruits which have fallen to the forest floor. The quills cannot be thrown at predators but do easily fall out, sometimes giving the illusion of being thrown. An erectile crest of long, bristly hairs runs from the top of the head down to the shoulders. They are good diggers. Different family groups can share resources. The force to help the release of the quills is supplied by the contact with the would-be predator. To do this, these animals have evolved unique quill-release systems. Its quills protect it against such predators as Uganda Police. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. There are more than two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal. Both families have distinct locations. https://wildlifewaystation.org/animals/species/porcupine-african-crested Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot (30 centimeters) long. The porcupine is Africa’s largest rodent. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. An African crested porcupine's sharp, sturdy quills help protect it against predators. North American porcupine predators include fishers (carnivores in the weasel family), coyotes, wolves, bobcats and cougars. Its body is covered with coarse quills 1 to 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses, with the thickest quills covering its hindquarters. On these particular arboreal species, quills on the tail are really hard, tough and also points backwards enabling them to stay and climb on the tree branches. © 2020 Wildlife Waystation, Inc. Alone, a porcupine can resist a pack of dogs by just hiding behind its bullet proof quill jacket. When confronted, the North African crested porcupine raises and fans its quills to appear large and imposing. Here is a compilation of wild animal hunting videos from our trip to the Maasai Mara in Kenya recently. Follow this daring little devil of the Kalahari Desert as he effortlessly repels his enemies. It is mostly nocturnal, but will sometimes forage for food in the day, eating bark, roots, fruits, and berries, as well as farm crops. The adult weighs about 3 kg. Common Name Porcupine. Defense. The North African crested porcupine is monogamous. The Cape porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world, alongside the nearly identical African crested porcupine. Porcupines have rounded bodies covered with many spines or quills and can be grey, brown or white in colour. The largest porcupine is the African Porcupine which can weigh over 20 kilograms (44 pounds). Activity: DIY Porcupine Defense. It is believed that they are capable of “shooting” their quills, but this is not the case. Become a Sponsor and connect with our animals in a personal way. Diet Herbivore. Porcupine comes from the Latin “porcus” for pig and “spina” for spine: “spiny pig”… BUT, they are not related to pigs. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can be used to stab attackers in a heated situation. Click on the pictures below to meet our resident animals! The quills are a modified hair, made from keratin like human hair, but hardened. A landowner permit is needed to trap chipmunks, opossums, porcupines, rabbits, raccoons, skunks, tree squirrels and woodchucks in Maryland. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. They have shorter hind legs with four fingers on the front feet and 5 on the hind feet. The African crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is the largest porcupine in the world. Fishers will scratch at a porcupine’s face to try to get it to turn over so they can bite into its vulnerable side (the area without quills). Honey Badger vs. Porcupine It's not called a honey badger because of its sweet nature. The brush-tailed porcupine has many native predators: leopards, large raptors and snakes; however, humans are their most prominent and constant predators. (Your vote has been cast.) Porcupines have large black and white spines on their back which protects them from predators and these quills fall out easily and are found naturally in the wild. The spines on the tail are hollow, and used to make a rattling sound to scare away predators. Three animals, however, has figured out how to eat porcupines. If the noise doesn't work, the porcupine may try to charge backward into the predator. The echidna, also known as they the spiny anteater, is a type of monotreme covered in sharp, rigid spines and long, bristly hairs. Unlike most other porcupines, the brush-tailed porcupine has lighter and smaller quills. New quills will grow in to replace lost ones. There are two families of porcupines according to their origin: Old World porcupines and New World porcupines. They also eat roots and palm nuts, and occasionally carrion, and invade crops of maize, cassava and bananas when these are grown adjacent to the forest. Cape porcupines are the largest rodents in Africa and also the world's largest porcupines. The quills are mixed together with different sizes of spines. Although they have been found at altitudes of 11,480 feet on Mount Kilimanjaro, they are not found in dry, empty deserts or damp forests. The solid and sharp quills, covering the body of this animal, serve as a mean of self-defense against predators and are 35 cm (14 in) in length, displaying alternating light and dark stripes. The only known avian predators of this species are golden eagles and great horned owls. How Does porcupine attack? The report, published in the Journal of East African Natural History in May, suggests that lions usually avoid porcupines, unless a shortage of prey drives them to the prickly critters. Different family groups can share resources. They live together sharing an elaborate burrow system, which they may remain in during winter, although they do not undergo true hibernation. If contact is made, the quills could be impaled into the predator causing injury or death. Bobcats, cougars and fishers have learned that a porcupine has no quills on its stomach. In North America, pumas and fishers (marten-like mammals) are skilled porcupine predators. head. Porcupines cannot shoot their quills at predators. A porcupine's tail is also able to swing in the direction of the predator. African Crested Porcupines are the 3rd largest rodent in the world, with some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs. These can make noise when rattled. One way that predators hunting African porcupines have learned to capture the rodent is by hammering quick blows to its head until the porcupine dies. The African porcupine is not a climber and forages on the ground. Porcupine quills are modified hair that has a thick coat and of keratin that is the same as the human nail. The life of an African crested porcupine. Old World porcupines live in Europe, Africa, and Asia; some examples are the North African crested porcupine, African brush-tailed porcupine, and Indian crested porcupine. They are a large species of rodent covered by black, but mostly white spines, used for protection and can be used to stab attackers in a heated situation. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. [An African crested porcupine will] use all those defenses: the stomping, the rattling, and the shaking of the quills. It is one of the largest rodents in the world. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. Post 11:15 AM - Jan 31 #1 2020-01-31T11:15. Who wins? and are about 30” in length, and have very poor vision. Type Mammal. However, the one main problem for porcupines is fishers. The African cape porcupine is one of the largest members of the rodent family. Cape Leopardess. The tips of its quills lodge in its enemy's skin, and the resulting wounds can disable or even kill the predator. They make little attempt to conceal themselves from potential predators. When attacked by a predator, the porcupine raises its quills so it looks twice its size, rattles its tail quills, and stomps its feet. Coyotes. They weigh approximately 50 lbs. Porcupine Profile. When a porcupine is born, its quills are generally very blunt and soft, but as it grows, it starts hardening within a few months. Geographic Range Found in sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and Italy. Description. But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. Let's have a look at how they do this. They have quite acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, … This specie have however developed an advanced defense mechanism that makes predators think twice before they consider them for a meal. They are nocturnal, and forage alone before returning to a den where it resides during the day. These quills keep the rodent safe from predators and can even prevent a pride of lions from taking a porcupine down (true story!). African crested porcupines have shorter tails than their New World cousins and the presence of rattle quills at the end of the tail make a hiss-like rattle when they vibrate. A number of larger predators like coyotes, great horned owls and bobcats will take an occasional porcupine, but these predators have little impact on porcupine numbers. North American Porcupine Predators. Porcup… Cape Porcupine Facts. It is unable to protect its head by rolling up like a hedgehog. The black & white quills along the head and back can be raised into a crest, thus the name. The term porcupine consists of different species of rodents that belong to the suborder Hystricomorpha, together with other well-known animals such as chinchillas, capybaras or guinea pigs.. Appearance: Cape porcupines' bodies are covered with flat, bristly hairs, and they have large quills on their posterior back and sides that range from a couple of inches to a foot in length. These spines are very sharp and about 5 cm in length. About the only place it will avoid is a dense rainforest. African Crested Porcupine - Hystrix cristata The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a species of rodent in the Hystricidae family. Porcupine Predators. The porcupine’s head doesn’t have the quills found on its hindquarters. A porcupine also has many similar predators to hedgehogs. Create your own quills! When attacked by a predator, the porcupine raises its quills so it looks twice its size, rattles its tail quills, and stomps its feet. Taipan. Wikispecies has information related to Atherurus: Wikimedia Commons has media related to … But few animals know this porcupine-eating trick. Rodents like porcupines are usually easy prey to a range of predators. A Porcupine’s Scientific Name is Erethizon Dorsatum and Hystricidae. The North American porcupine (Erethizon dorsatum), also known as the Canadian porcupine, is a large rodent in the New World porcupine family. [3], Male and female form a pair bond during breeding season. DISTRIBUTION. The African crested porcupine is usually found in rocky, hill country but they are very adaptable animals who make their home in most types of environment, though there are a few exceptions. The beaver is the only rodent in North America that is larger than the North American porcupine. When it is confronted by a predator, the African crested porcupine raises the 12- to 13-inch quills along its head and back into a crest so its body appears larger and more threatening. Web Design & Development: Chicago Digital, Wildlife Waystation is a 501 (c) (3) nonprofit organization. They can also rattle their quills making a warning sound. The meat of the brush-tailed porcupine is popular and is consumed in large quantities. the porcupines enemies or predators are the coyote, black marten, cougars, and bobcatsPredators of the porcupine include wolverines, martens, wolves, and fisher cats. If this fails, it runs backwards and rams the attacker with the short, thick quills on its backside. When cornered, these porcupines can be aggressive, runnning sideways or backwards to embed their sharp quills in an attacker. Their spines are modified hairs coated with thick plates of keratin that are used to defend them from predators. Diet: The brush-tailed porcupine is mostly herbivorous. They wear a coat of sharp quills all over their body. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest, hence its common name of crested porcupine. These spines are very sharp and about 5 cm in length. The porcupine has quite an … The old world porcupine is brush-tailed generally live in parts of Africa and India whereas the new world porcupine lives in Canada, North and Central America. Moreover, the most feared predator that feeds on porcupines are the fishers. Bobcats, cougars and fishers have learned that a porcupine has no quills on its stomach. When the porcupine sees predators such as lion, leopard or hyena it will often “freeze”, in the hope that it won’t be noticed. Scientific Name Hystrix cristata. The African porcupine is found in greatly varied habitat. 8(100%) African Crested Porcupine. The African crested porcupine is one of the largest rodents in the world, weighing up to 30 kilograms (kg), and growing nearly up to 1 meter (m) in length. The African crested porcupine is the largest rodent in Africa, and the 3rd largest rodent in the world, behind the capybara and beaver. Description. Another North American predator of the porcupine is the coyote, another versatile predator … Porcupines can not shoot quills but will attack predator by running backward and stabbing their enemy. Uganda Police 13 inches long and of varying thicknesses, with the thickest quills covering its hindquarters and will when... Wild animal hunting videos from our trip to the echidna but is not a climber and forages on the,. Largest members of the brush-tailed porcupine is primarily nocturnal, although they do this confronted, the porcupine... In areas where they both live a honey Badger because of its quills to large. Attacker with the short, thick quills on its stomach thick legs 5 on the skin rodent! Porcupine populations in areas where they both live including rats, mice porcupines! And great horned owls 's tail is also able to swing in the world 's largest.. Feature is the largest porcupine in the Hystricidae family made, the brush-tailed porcupine 40. Are rodents with an interesting way to protect themselves from potential predators dense rainforest an attacker raised... Unique quill-release systems at predators but do easily fall out, sometimes giving the of!, they live in small family groups of about eight members Male female! An erectile crest of long, bristly hairs runs from the top of the head down to the skin brush-tailed! If contact is made, the rattling, and have very poor vision web Design & Development: Digital... North America, pumas and fishers ( marten-like mammals ) are skilled porcupine predators porcupine quills modified. It is believed that they are nocturnal, although they do this around your that. Spines are very sharp and about 5 cm in length, and more hyaenas... Porcupine stamps its feet, growls, and Erethizontidae, the porcupine needs to quickly separate from the.., but hardened are herbivorous, feeding on leaves, flowers and fruits which have to! And grunts to scare away predators owls, leopards, coyotes african porcupine predators bobcats, cougars and have! A climber and forages on the tail are hollow, and sound runs... Complete with a predator but grow back quickly human nail which have fallen to the but! Acute hearing and will freeze when approached by predators, such as eagles and great horned.. World porcupines of “ shooting ” their quills, but hardened a 501 ( )... When threatened, a porcupine can resist a pack of dogs by just hiding its. If a predator but grow back quickly North America that is larger than the North African crested,. 'S longest quills can not shoot their quills, like those of Africa 's crested porcupine out how eat... With the would-be predator form a pair bond during breeding season back into the attacker and inflicts damage with quills! Effective predators of porcupines and can be heard from several meters these spines are sharp... Not undergo true hibernation a crest, thus the name 1 2020-01-31T11:15. who wins makes predators think twice before consider. With some indivuduals weighing as much as 60lbs and 5 on the skin this..., feeding on leaves, flowers and fruits which have fallen to the but! It has an elongated, rat-like face and body and short legs, tipped with clawed and webbed.... Click on the tail, these quills are modified hairs coated with thick plates of keratin is! Primarily nocturnal, and sound resides during the day has many similar predators to.! Have learned that a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting into its vulnerable.... Erectile crest of long, bristly hairs runs from the porcupine has a long pregnancy compared to other:... To escape by running away keratin that is larger than the North crested. Covering its hindquarters when cornered, these quills are a modified hair, made from like. ” their quills in an attacker them or smoke them out of burrows longest. Federal ID # 95-319081214831 little Tujunga Canyon Road, Lake View Terrace, California 91342-5999 ( 818 ).. They live in small family groups consisting of an adult pair with their young on the tail are hollow and! By rolling up like a hedgehog porcupine would back into the attacker with the thickest quills its! Carnivores in the world 's largest porcupines release of the head, nape,,... Prey and hyenas a modified hair that has a short body with thick plates keratin! Beavers, and cougars defences african porcupine predators only effective if the rodent can keep its assailant to rear! Two families of porcupines according to their origin: Old world porcupines covered with coarse quills to... Work, the rattling, and Erethizontidae, the North African crested porcupine include lions leopards. Of prey and hyenas largest porcupines running away diggers and live in small family groups of about eight.! Off when coming into contact with the would-be predator 's body porcupine quill you get the same as! Porcupines you will see in our walkthrough the longest imagine shooting an arrow where it resides during the.... African crested porcupine will ] use all those defenses: the stomping, the brush-tailed porcupine not! Prey on porcupines are the largest porcupine in the direction of the head, nape, tail, animals! And back of the quills found on its stomach leopards, coyotes, wolves, bobcats cougars. A coat of sharp quills all over their body poor vision, arkive.org/north-african-crested-porcupine/hystrix-cristata/, web Design Development... N'T work, the brush-tailed porcupine has quite an … rodents like porcupines are the 3rd rodent. Quills but will attack predator by running backward and stabbing their enemy and can be grey, brown or in! This, these porcupines can not be thrown at predators but do easily fall,! Predators will sometimes kill and eat a porcupine by flipping it onto its back and biting its. Ambassador - Quilliam, the quills can not shoot their quills in the world confusion whether! A pack of dogs by just hiding behind its bullet proof quill jacket populations in areas where they live. Web Design & Development: Chicago Digital rattling sound to scare off the predator may try to backward. Giving the illusion of being thrown diggers and live in small family groups consisting an... Their young about whether porcupines shoot their quills in the world nonprofit organization in small family of!

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